Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acanthuriformes
(Surgeonfishes) > Pomacanthidae
Etymology: Centropyge: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pyge = tail (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 3 - 30 m (Ref. 48391). Tropical
Eastern Indian Ocean: Sri Lanka to Western Australia, including Indonesia and the Andaman Is.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4859)
Inhabits rocky areas of seaward reefs as well as rich coral areas (Ref. 9710). Feeds on algae; forms harems of 3-7 individuals. Frequently exported through the aquarium trade. Forms hybrids with Centropyge vrolikii in areas where these 2 species are sympatric, and hybrids with the C. flavissima have been recorded in the Christmas I. and Cocos-Keeling islands in the eastern Indian Ocean. Mimicked by the juveniles of the acanthurid Acanthurus tristis (Ref. 48391).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pyle, R., 2001. Pomacanthidae: Angelfishes. p. 3266-3286. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae). Rome, FAO. (Ref. 48391)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.2 - 29.3, mean 28.3 °C (based on 973 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03311 (0.01558 - 0.07036), b=2.88 (2.70 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 70.5 [42.0, 112.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.675 [0.439, 1.077] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [17.4, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.132 [0.083, 0.205] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.1 [13.3, 44.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 80.4 [23.9, 262.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.51 [1.00, 2.25] mg/100g (wet weight);