Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Mugiliformes
(Mullets) > Mugilidae
Etymology: Mugil: Latin, mugil, -ilis = grey mullet (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Culver.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Atlantic: Belize to Brazil (Harrison, pers. comm.). Eastern Pacific: Mexico (no records from the Gulf of California) to Ecuador (Ref. 9321).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 19.0, range 16 - ? cm
Max length : 35.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96592); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
Inhabit coastal marine and estuarine areas (Ref. 9321). Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive (Ref. 205). Incidentally caught with other species of mullets (Ref. 9321). Marketed fresh and salted (Ref. 9321).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Thomson, J.M., 1978. Mugilidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Central Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). Vol. 3. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3791)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.2 - 28, mean 25.6 °C (based on 474 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00632 - 0.01736), b=2.85 (2.71 - 2.99), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Generation time: 3.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.28; tm=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .