Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gonorynchiformes
(Milkfishes) > Kneriidae
(Shellears) > Kneriinae
Etymology: Kneria: From Kner, that studied fishes in the Imperial Museum of Vienna, with Jean Natterer (1817) (Ref. 45335); sjolandersi: The name is dedicated to Mr. David Sjölanders of the 1948-49 Angola Expedition of the Göteborg Museum (Ref. 11970) More on author: Poll.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Africa: Rio Cubal (Bero River tributary) and streams in the Serra da Chela mountains (part of the Bero and possibly also Coroca River drainages) in Angola (Ref. 11970).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3565)
soft rays: 10 - 11. Diagnosis: body relatively compact, with short and wide head (body height 4.5-5.85 times and head length 4.25-5.7 times in SL); snout length 2.95-3.75 times in HL; eye small, its diameter 3.85-5.0 times in HL, 1.15-1.45 times in snout length; interorbital distance 2.75-3.15 times in HL; male opercular organ with small, concentric protuberances; dorsal fin origin slightly closer to caudal fin origin than to tip of snout and slightly behind pelvic fin origin; anal fin base 1-1.4 times further from pelvic fins than from caudal fin origin; pectoral fin 1-1.2 times and pelvic fin 1-1.15 times in HL; caudal peduncle short, less than 2 times longer than deep (Ref. 11970).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Poll, M., 1984. Kneriidae. p. 129-133. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3565)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .