Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060); 21°S - 30°S
Africa: Cunene, Okavango, Zambezi and Limpopo systems, common in Zimbabwe and Zambia; also widespread in Central and East Africa (Ref. 52193), south- and eastwards from the upper Congo River basin (Ref. 45616). In the upper Congo basin present in the drainages of the Lualaba (Ref. 36901), upper Lualaba (Ref. 45616), Mweru-Luapula and Bangweulu-Chambeshi (Ref. 95585). Probably also in the Malagarasi (Ref. 54847).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27628)
soft rays: 5 - 6. Diagnosis: Last unbranched ray of dorsal fin more or less flexible and without posterior denticulation; second mandibular barbel is well developed and ending at anterior side of operculum (Ref. 27628).
Inhabits a wide range of habitats from small streams to large rivers. Moves upstream to spawn in flooded grassy areas (Ref. 7248).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Skelton, P.H., 1993. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers. 388 p. (Ref. 7248)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00690 - 0.02192), b=2.88 (2.73 - 3.03), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .