Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Mekong basin, Hue River, the Malay Peninsula and Indonesia, including Sumatra, Java and Borneo. Particularly widely distributed in Borneo (Kapuas, Mahakam, Rejang and Kinabatangan).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 12693)
soft rays: 28 - 38. Eye large, its diameter 4-5 times in head length (in 18 cm long specimens); dark grey caudal fin; maxillary barbel rarely extends past eye and never past preopercle (Ref. 12693). Vomero-palatine teeth in 4 more or less ovoid patches; truncate snout; lower jaw with angular outline rather than rounded; very short humeral process (Ref. 43281).
Found in large and medium-sized rivers, Omnivorous, feeding on animal and plant matter including detritus. Marketed fresh (Ref. 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ferraris, C.J. Jr., 2007. Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa 1418:1-628. (Ref. 58032)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00373 - 0.00929), b=3.06 (2.92 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.25 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .