Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Torinae
Etymology: Neolissochilus: Greek, neos = new + Greek,lissos = smooth + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335). More on author: McClelland.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and China. Also in Bhutan (Ref. 40882), Pakistan and Viet Nam (Ref. 3443).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 23 - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4537); max. published weight: 11.0 kg (Ref. 4832)
Adults occur in fast flowing streams and rivers with rocky bottom (Ref. 41236), mainly in the middle of streams. Omnivorous. Adults feed mainly on filamentous green algae, lesser on chironomid larvae, crustaceans and water beetles (Ref. 40961). They migrate upstream during the breeding season where spawning takes place on stones and gravel (Ref. 41864). Spawning occur from April to October with a peak in August to September. Males mature at 9 cm. Flesh is considered delicious and market demand is great.
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00520 - 0.01838), b=3.02 (2.86 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 657 [180, 1,699] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.23 [0.97, 4.54] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [16.5, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.3 [0.2, 0.5] g/100g ; Selenium = 85.6 [37.8, 169.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 19.4 [10.1, 39.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.01 [1.16, 3.30] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.