Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Odacidae
(Cales and weed-whitings)
Etymology: Haletta: Perhaps from Old Norge, haletta, haele = hero. More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 1 - 7 m (Ref. 75154). Subtropical; 28°S - 45°S
Eastern Indian Ocean and Southwest Pacific: southern coast of Australia, from Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia to Sydney, New South Wales; including Tasmania.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6185)
Forms large schools in estuaries and other sheltered waters with sand and seagrass bottoms. Considered primarily as an opportunistic carnivore, feeding mainly on polychaetes; also gastropods, crustaceans (crab and amphipods), algae and seagrass (mostly Zostera) are common; forams, bivalves, and ophiuroids were also found in a few stomachs.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gomon, M.F. and J.R. Paxton, 1985. A revision of the Odacidae, a temperate Australian-New Zealand labroid fish family. Indo-Pac. Fish. (8):57 p. (Ref. 6185)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.8 - 22.2, mean 17.6 °C (based on 272 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00265 - 0.01809), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.49 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 160 [84, 309] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.93 [1.18, 3.25] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.9, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.754 [0.387, 1.524] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.1 [14.3, 62.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.5 [4.0, 33.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.27 [0.87, 1.86] mg/100g (wet weight);