Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Odacidae
(Cales and weed-whitings)
Etymology: Siphonognathus: Greek, siphon = tube + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335). More on author: Richardson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 40 m (Ref. 75154). Subtropical; 32°S - 42°S
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from Perth, Western Australia to Flinders Island, Tasmania.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6185)
Apparently restricted to areas with thick growths of seagrass such as Posidonia, within embayments and relatively sheltered waters.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gomon, M.F. and J.R. Paxton, 1985. A revision of the Odacidae, a temperate Australian-New Zealand labroid fish family. Indo-Pac. Fish. (8):57 p. (Ref. 6185)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.6 - 18.5, mean 17.1 °C (based on 50 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5159 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 106 [57, 210] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.33 [0.81, 2.26] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [16.4, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.223 [0.137, 0.365] g/100g ; Selenium = 37.4 [19.2, 75.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 5.88 [2.01, 18.07] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.05 [0.71, 1.52] mg/100g (wet weight);