Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Odacidae
(Cales and weed-whitings)
Etymology: Siphonognathus: Greek, siphon = tube + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335). More on author: Ogilby.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 15 - 45 m (Ref. 9563). Subtropical; 32°S - 45°S
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from Rottnest Island, Western Australia to Wilsons Promontory, Victoria.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6185)
Commonly found at some distance from the shore, over sandy areas associated with seagrass and low rocky outcrops. Form small groups at depths of about 15-20 m.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gomon, M.F. and J.R. Paxton, 1985. A revision of the Odacidae, a temperate Australian-New Zealand labroid fish family. Indo-Pac. Fish. (8):57 p. (Ref. 6185)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.1 - 18.3, mean 17 °C (based on 72 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5159 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 271 [128, 571] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.02 [1.14, 3.58] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [16.2, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.272 [0.154, 0.483] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.8 [14.1, 63.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.07 [2.63, 26.56] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.45 [0.96, 2.19] mg/100g (wet weight);