Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Odacidae
(Cales and weed-whitings)
Etymology: Siphonognathus: Greek, siphon = tube + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 18 m (Ref. 75154). Subtropical; 32°S - 42°S
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from Fisherman Islands, Western Australia to Portland, Victoria; including the Furneaux Group and the Tamar River Estuary in northern Tasmania.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6185)
A benthic species (Ref. 75154) which is common in soft bottom communities with seagrass.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gomon, M.F. and J.R. Paxton, 1985. A revision of the Odacidae, a temperate Australian-New Zealand labroid fish family. Indo-Pac. Fish. (8):57 p. (Ref. 6185)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.3 - 18.7, mean 17.3 °C (based on 161 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5159 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 84.5 [37.1, 202.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.61 [0.76, 3.34] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [15.5, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.288 [0.117, 0.713] g/100g ; Selenium = 16.7 [6.4, 43.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 35.3 [6.9, 170.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.86 [1.11, 3.25] mg/100g (wet weight);