Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 5°S - 37°S, 82°W - 70°W
Southeast Pacific: reported from the warm temperate waters of the west coast of South America; from Callao, Peru (12° 02'S) to Talcahuano, Chile (36°41'S).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95867); max. published weight: 862.00 g (Ref. 53696)
This species is most abundant littoral species on the coast of central Chile, found in close association with the brown kelp Lessonia trabeculata. Juveniles found in tidepools to a maximum size of 15.7 cm TL and an estimated 3 years of age, adults occur subtidally. It is mainly herbivorous, feeding almost exclusively on brown, red and green algae, with a strong preference for green and red algae (digestion by acid hydrolysis). Its meat reported as an excellent pan-fish, with rich, white, sweet, and flaky meat (Ref. 86913).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Russell, B.C., 2000. Review of the southern temperate fish family Aplodactylidae (Pisces: Perciformes). J. Nat. Hist. 34(1):2157-2171. (Ref. 86913)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.8 - 23.7, mean 19.5 °C (based on 165 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00287 - 0.01263), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 136 [71, 262] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.911 [0.572, 1.681] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.8 [16.8, 18.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.137 [0.075, 0.261] g/100g ; Selenium = 80.7 [38.2, 177.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 7.29 [2.27, 22.20] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.41 [0.90, 2.13] mg/100g (wet weight);