Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Pomadasys: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, dasys = with hair (Ref. 45335). More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 60 m (Ref. 91172), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 32°N - 10°S, 117°W - 76°W
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 39.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body oblong, moderately compressed, and not very deep (depth contained 2.3 to 2.5 times in standard length); mouth moderate sized and terminal, its posterior end located at the same level as the anterior rim of the eye; first gill arch with 20 to 23 gill rakers; dorsal fin deeply notched, with 12 to 13 spines and 13 soft rays (XII-XIII, 13); pectoral fins very long (contained 2.7 to 3.3 times in standard length), reaching origin of anal fin; second anal spine much stronger and longer than third; back gray; belly silvery; posterior angle of operculum with a very distinct black spot preceded by a green area (Ref. 55763).
Adults inhabit sandy bottoms of coastal waters (Ref. 9114). Marketed fresh (Ref. 9114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
McKay, R.J. and M. Schneider, 1995. Haemulidae. Burros, corocoros, chulas, gallinazos, roncos. p. 1136-1173. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9114)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.9 - 28.9, mean 26.4 °C (based on 58 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00705 - 0.01869), b=2.98 (2.84 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.7 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 146 [78, 248] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.805 [0.443, 1.408] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.0, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.257 [0.135, 0.444] g/100g ; Selenium = 69.1 [34.6, 127.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22.3 [9.8, 50.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1 [1, 2] mg/100g (wet weight);