Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Enchelycore: Greek, enchelys, = eel + Greek, kore = pupil (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Myers & Wade.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 40 m (Ref. 96339), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 27°N -
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5227)
Lives between rocks, boulder strewn areas and walls. Lurks in holes, crevices and dark recesses during the day; forage in the open at night. Constantly opens and closes its mouth-an action required for respiration-not a threat (Ref. 5227).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
McCosker, J.E. and R.H. Rosenblatt, 1995. Muraenidae. Morenas. p. 1303-1315. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9324)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.1 - 28.6, mean 26.7 °C (based on 36 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00050 (0.00025 - 0.00101), b=3.26 (3.09 - 3.43), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.8 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 29.8 [16.9, 51.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.467 [0.290, 0.754] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [17.2, 21.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.127 [0.059, 0.328] g/100g ; Selenium = 48.3 [26.2, 87.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 95.9 [28.1, 304.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.84 [0.59, 1.18] mg/100g (wet weight);