Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
Etymology: Decodon: Greek, deka = ten + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 40 - 160 m (Ref. 9311), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 29°N - 3°S
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Ecuador.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 8.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 16.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body moderately slender and compressed; head large and pointed; teeth caniniform, enlarged, and somewhat crooked, two anterior pairs in each jaw; dorsal fin continuous, with 11 spines; lateral line slightly arched, with 28 scales; body reddish pink; belly paler; a black spot on the flank above posterior edge of pectoral fin; anal fin white (Ref. 55763).
Lives over sandy bottoms with gravel and isolated reefs. Often caught in the open sea as a by-catch of trawlers fishing for prawns and shrimps. Each individual functions first as a female but later changes to a male (Ref. 47122).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gomon, M.F., 1995. Labridae. Viejas, doncellasas, señoritas. p. 1201-1225. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9311)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15 - 22.3, mean 17.2 °C (based on 31 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00454 - 0.02011), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 51.5 [32.1, 92.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.592 [0.346, 0.988] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.0, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.145 [0.097, 0.210] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.3 [21.0, 55.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 95.6 [33.5, 294.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.43 [1.01, 2.50] mg/100g (wet weight);