Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - 100 m (Ref. 55763), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 1°N -
Southeast Pacific: Ecuador and Peru. May occur north Ecuador, but this needs verification.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Body robust, its dorsal profile arched; head depressed, with a pronounced occipital fossa at the nape; sub-orbital rim with 3 to 4 spines; lower jaw without cirri; first gill arch with 15 to 16 rakers; lateral line with 24 cycloid scales; body uniformly red, with diffuse, indistinct, stripes and spots (Ref. 55763).
Rare species (Ref. 9341).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Jiménez Prado, P. and P. Béarez, 2004. Peces Marinos del Ecuador continental. Tomo 2: Guía de Especies / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador. Volume 2: Species Guide. SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA. (Ref. 55763)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00641 - 0.02841), b=3.02 (2.85 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .