Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lampriformes
(Velifers, tube-eyes and ribbonfishes) > Trachipteridae
Etymology: Trachipterus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335). More on author: Ramsay.
Trachipterus arawatae Clarke, 1881 is a separated valid species in ECoF.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - 1000 m (Ref. 9563), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: South Africa and Reunion. Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia. Southwest Pacific: New Zealand. Southwest Atlantic: Brazil and Argentina.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 220 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47377); common length : 200 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 166-173. Silvery in color except for front of head, interorbital area, dorsal part of upper jaw, and tip of lower jaw which are black (Ref. 2713).
Oceanic and mesopelagic (Ref. 7300). Enters estuaries (Ref. 9563). Feeds on pelagic crustaceans (Ref. 27637); fishes, squids, urochordatans, and nematodes (Anisakidae) were found in the stomach of specimens caught off the coasts of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil (Ref. 56498).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
May, J.L. and J.G.H. Maxwell, 1986. Trawl fish from temperate waters of Australia. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research, Tasmania. 492 p. (Ref. 9563)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.5 - 15.3, mean 10.4 °C (based on 297 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5166 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.44 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (80 of 100) .