Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Cyprininae
Etymology: Puntioplites: Latin, punctum = point, the point of the sword + Greek, hoplon = weapon (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Indonesia to Cambodia and peninsular Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 44.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 108878); max. published weight: 1.1 kg (Ref. 108878)
Non-serrated anal-fin spine; patches of darkened scale bases form oblique cross bands (Ref. 12693).
Occurs at midwater to bottom depths in large lowland rivers and lakes. Moves into the flooded forests when water levels are high, feeding mainly on submerged plants as well as on some filamentous algae and insects which occur on the plants. Feeds also on crustaceans and small fishes (Ref. 56749). Formerly common, but has become very rare recently (Ref. 12693). Spawns in rivers (Ref. 56749).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00677 - 0.01947), b=2.99 (2.83 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.20 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .