Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Dussumieriidae
Etymology: Dussumieria: In honor of Dussumier, a collaborator of Cuvier, who sent him collections of fishes from the Indian Ocean (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 10 - 20 m (Ref. 12260). Subtropical; 31°N - 7°S, 49°E - 126°E (Ref. 54426)
Indo-Pacific: Persian Gulf (and perhaps south to Somalia), along the coasts of Pakistan, India and Malaysia to Indonesia (Kalimantan) and the Philippines. Earlier records included Dussumieria elopsoides.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573)
soft rays: 14 - 18. Branchiostegal rays fewer (12 to 15) and posterior part of scales marked with numerous tiny radiating striae. Color is iridescent blue with a shiny gold or brass line below (quickly fading after death); hind margin of tail broadly dark. W-shaped pelvic scute; isthmus tapering evenly forward; more anal fin rays.
Mainly a pelagic inshore species (Ref. 68964). Earlier studies on the habitat and biology may have equally referred to D. elopsoides which this species closely resembles. Can also be caught with ringnets and dipnets. Occurrence reportedly reaches inland (Ref. 94476).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25.9 - 29.3, mean 28.8 °C (based on 1387 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7520 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00630 - 0.01099), b=2.99 (2.91 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.8-1.2; tmax=1).
Prior r = 1.19, 95% CL = 0.79 - 1.79, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 313 [142, 713] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.97 [0.97, 3.84] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.8 [18.3, 21.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.784 [0.294, 2.092] g/100g ; Selenium = 90.1 [30.9, 284.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.25 [1.70, 23.07] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.85 [1.13, 2.95] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.