Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 10°C - 30°C (Ref. 2060)
Oceania: endemic to Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 3.3  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894); common length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894)
Occurs in lotic and lentic freshwater bodies (Ref. 7300). Inhabits vegetated margins of streams, billabongs, drains, dams and swamps in still or gently flowing water. Forms small groups and is a very common prey item for introduced fishes, such as the Redfin perch and trout. Feeds on small crustaceans, insects and their larvae. Breeds from September to January, when water temperatures rise above 16°C. Reproductive habits and biology are typical of the family. Maximum life expectancy is about 5 years (Ref. 44894).
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00451 - 0.02792), b=3.00 (2.78 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 1.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=5; Fec=78-679 (batch fecundity)).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .