Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Ehiravinae
More on author: Fowler.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 17°N - 2°S, 96°E - 113°E (Ref. 188)
Asia: Gulf of Thailand (Bangkok, Paknam, Songkla Lake); Kalimantan (Barito River at Banjermasin and Aluhuluh) (Ref. 188). Recorded from the Mekong basin (Ref. 12693).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12693)
soft rays: 16 - 27. Body moderately elongate, belly keeled, with 10 to 12 + 6 to 8 (usually 11 + 7) scutes. Teeth minute or absent in jaws; second supra-maxilla at least as long as maxilla blade. Last two anal fin rays forming a separate finlet as in Clupeichthys whose jaw teeth are prominent and present on sides of lower jaw. Resembles C. soborna, which has fewer gill rakers, but more pre-dorsal bones.
Occurs in rivers and in estuaries (Ref. 188). Found in tidal zones of large rivers and lowland floodplains (Ref. 12693). Used to produce prahoc and tuk trey (Ref. 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00371 - 0.02139), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .