Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 30 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 27°N - 18°S, 59°E - 172°E (Ref. 55)
Indo-West Pacific: northeastern Arabian Sea to Philippines and Vanuatu.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450)
soft rays: 8 - 9. Dorsal profile of head steeply sloped. Preorbital width about equal to eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Brown to reddish-pink on back and upper side, reddish pink to mauve on middle side, becoming creamy yellow ventrally. Caudal fin with a broad crescentic black band (Ref. 469). Body depth 2.5-2.6 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Adults inhabit coral reefs. Also found in current or surge zones (Ref. 48635). Usually seen singly or in small groups.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 27.3 - 29.2, mean 28.5 °C (based on 496 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00699 - 0.02989), b=2.97 (2.81 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.66 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 36.3 [24.0, 51.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.336 [0.230, 0.521] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.4, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.153 [0.117, 0.201] g/100g ; Selenium = 69 [49, 97] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 177 [36, 492] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.534 [0.403, 0.872] mg/100g (wet weight);