Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 10 m (Ref. 46821), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Atlantic: Bahamas and Cayman Islands, through the Lesser Antilles to the islands off Venezuela; also in the western Caribbean, from Old Providence Island and the islands off Belize (Ref. 5521). Recorded from the Gulf of Honduras (Ref. 46821).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5521)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found on clear, shallow bottoms with coral formations, principally in oceanic, insular areas (Ref. 13628). Occupies burrows created by the chiton (Choneplax lata) burrows in red coralline algae at shallow depths, usually less than 1 meter (Ref. 92840).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Böhlke, J.E. and C.C.G. Chaplin, 1993. Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. 2nd edition. University of Texas Press, Austin. (Ref. 5521)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.8 - 28.3, mean 27.6 °C (based on 340 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00332 - 0.01511), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 396 [163, 979] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.22 [0.64, 2.47] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.138 [0.058, 0.299] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.2 [8.6, 53.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 145 [37, 542] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.85 [1.57, 5.03] mg/100g (wet weight);