Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 5521). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Bahamas and throughout the Caribbean Sea to northern South America.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5521)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits shallow rock or coral bottoms (Ref. 13628); also limestone canyons covered with algal mats (Ref. 5521). Found hiding in recesses at the bases of coral heads as well as burrows of the chiton Choneplax lata (Ref. 46821).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Böhlke, J.E. and C.C.G. Chaplin, 1993. Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. 2nd edition. University of Texas Press, Austin. (Ref. 5521)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.8 - 28.2, mean 27.5 °C (based on 499 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00261 - 0.01268), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .