Zenarchopterus buffonis, Buffon's river-garfish

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Zenarchopterus buffonis (Valenciennes, 1847)

Buffon's river-garfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Zenarchopterus buffonis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Zenarchopterus buffonis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Zenarchopteridae (Internally fertilized halfbeaks)
Etymology: Zenarchopterus: Particle zen, derived from zao = to give life + Greek, archos = anus + Greek, pteron = fin.  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C -

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: India, Malay Peninsula, East Indies, Philippines, Hainan Island in China, Taiwan, New Guinea and northern Australia (Ref. 10943). Known from the lower Mekong (Ref. 12693).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 10 - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7050)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 10 - 13. This species is distinguished by the following characters: upper jaw distinctly wider than long; width divided by length 1.05-1.35; sixth anal fin ray of adult males much thickened and enlarged, not reaching base of caudal fin; fourth to seventh dorsal rays of adult males slightly elongate; a prominent dark brown stripe along the midline of the snout.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found at the surface levels in coastal waters, estuaries and rivers. Feeds on terrestrial insects. Not seen in markets (Ref. 12693).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Ovoviviparous.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Collette, B.B. and J. Su, 1986. The halfbeaks (Pisces, Beloniformes, Hemiramphidae) of the Far East. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 138(1):250-301. (Ref. 10943)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 21 May 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25 - 29.1, mean 28.3 °C (based on 1204 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00181 - 0.01006), b=3.02 (2.81 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.5   ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 123 [49, 310] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.12 [0.53, 2.33] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.5 [14.5, 18.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.246 [0.087, 0.704] g/100g ; Selenium = 34.8 [13.3, 85.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 109 [19, 515] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.99 [1.14, 3.54] mg/100g (wet weight);