Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Ichthyapus: Greek, ichthys = fish + Greek, a = without + Greek, pous = feet. More on authors: Weber & deBeaufort.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 56 m (Ref. 86942), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 28°N - 28°S
Indo-Pacific: Mascarenes to Pitcairn (Ref. 41650), north to Japan, south to Australia; Palau in Micronesia. Eastern Pacific: Easter Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Snout pointed and rat-like (Ref. 48635).
A burrowing species of inshore waters, in soft bottom areas (Ref. 7300, 75154). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Sandy bottoms in 2-18 m (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.4 - 28.8, mean 27.4 °C (based on 364 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00054 - 0.00308), b=2.92 (2.72 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .