Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - 50 m (Ref. 37955), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 30°N -
Eastern Central Pacific: western coast of Baja California, Mexico to Peru (Ref. 11482).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body elongate, moderately deep, and compressed; snout slightly pointed; adipose eyelid poorly developed; lower branch of the first gill arch with 28 to 30 gill rakers; chest entirely covered by scales; lateral line arched anteriorly, with 46 to 53 strong scutes in the straight part; back gray blue; belly silvery with green-gold highlights; 8 to 9 incomplete, dark, vertical bars along the flanks; edge of operculum with a very conspicuous black stain (Ref. 55763).
Adults inhabit coastal and oceanic waters (Ref. 9283). They feed on small fishes, crustaceans and other benthic invertebrates (Ref. 37955). Marketed fresh and salted or dried (Ref. 9283).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson, 1994. Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 332 p. (Ref. 11482)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.8 - 28.5, mean 26.3 °C (based on 52 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00796 - 0.03794), b=2.94 (2.77 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.54 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .