Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Selene: Greek, selene = moon (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lütken.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 24°N - 4°N
Eastern Pacific: Baja California, Mexico to Colombia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 25.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9283)
Body very deep, short and compressed; lower branch of first gill arch with 14 to 17 gill rakers; dorsal fin with 8 spines followed by another spine and 17 to 18 soft rays (VII1, 17-18); anterior lobes of second dorsal and anal fins elongated in adults; anterior dorsal spines greatly prolonged in juveniles; body scaleless; lateral line scutes very weak and poorly differentiated; body silvery with metallic blue green highlights; juveniles yellowish, with 4 or 5 interrupted, dark, transverse bars (Ref. 55763).
Adults are found in shallow coastal waters in small schools, generally near the bottom (Ref. 9283). They feed on squid, small crabs, small fishes and polychaetes (Ref. 9283). Marketed fresh and salted or dried (Ref. 9283).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1995. Carangidae. Jureles, pámpanos, cojinúas, zapateros, cocineros, casabes, macarelas, chicharros, jorobados, medregales, pez pilota. p. 940-986. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9283)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.5 - 28.5, mean 27.3 °C (based on 20 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02291 (0.01054 - 0.04979), b=2.89 (2.71 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.9 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 171 [89, 378] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.955 [0.579, 1.855] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.6 [15.6, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.234 [0.119, 0.466] g/100g ; Selenium = 54.3 [26.9, 116.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 15.1 [4.7, 49.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.17 [0.71, 1.82] mg/100g (wet weight);