Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Trachinotinae
Etymology: Trachinotus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek,noton = back (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Eastern Pacific: Zuma Beach in southern California, USA to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); max. published weight: 1.3 kg (Ref. 40637)
Body deep (becoming deeper with age) and compressed; mouth small; jaw teeth small, villiform, and only slightly hooked; decreasing in number with age but always present; lower branch of first gill arch with 13 to 15 gill rakers; dorsal fin with 6 spines followed by another spine and 19 to 21 soft rays (VI+I, 19-21); anterior lobes of the second dorsal and anal fins elongated; body silvery with 4 to 6 pale yellow vertical bars that become dark after death; dorsal, anal, and caudal fins yellowish (Ref. 55763).
Adults inhabit inshore sandy areas and also clear waters around reefs and rocky areas (Ref. 9283). They feed on small invertebrates and fishes (Ref. 9283). Marketed fresh and salted or dried (Ref. 9283).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 20.3 - 29.1, mean 25.1 °C (based on 269 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00582 - 0.02724), b=2.96 (2.77 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.61 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 34.2 [18.7, 67.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.929 [0.546, 1.731] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.7 [18.9, 22.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.236 [0.146, 0.387] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.9 [11.6, 40.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 32.2 [10.4, 94.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.745 [0.492, 1.133] mg/100g (wet weight);