Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Etelinae
Etymology: Pristipomoides: Greek, pristis = saw + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Goode & Bean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 24 - 370 m (Ref. 9626), usually 50 - 250 m (Ref. 9626). Subtropical; 41°N - 15°S, 99°W - 31°W (Ref. 55)
Western Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951) to North Carolina, USA and the Caribbean Sea to Santa Catarina, Brazil (Ref. 57756).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 56.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 40637)
soft rays: 7 - 8. Interorbital space flat. The eyes large, its orbit almost touching head profile. Scale rows on back running parallel to the lateral line. Back and upper sides pink to reddish, becoming pink to silvery-white on belly; the fins are translucent to pinkish except for the outer part of the caudal and dorsal fins which are yellowish.
A deep-water species. Feeds mainly on small fishes. A good food fish, it is marketed fresh, rarely frozen.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 14.6 - 26.5, mean 22.1 °C (based on 219 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00711 - 0.02560), b=2.97 (2.81 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 68.4 [34.5, 129.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.21 [0.71, 2.06] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [17, 21] % ; Omega3 = 0.397 [0.246, 0.643] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.4 [18.5, 69.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18.1 [6.6, 61.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.647 [0.416, 0.985] mg/100g (wet weight);