Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Schizothoracinae
Etymology: Schizothorax: Greek, schizein = to divide * Greek, thorax = breast (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Heckel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Subtropical
Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India (Ref. 41236) and China (Ref. 41093). Reported from Iran (Ref. 39702), Uzbekistan (Ref. 11145), Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan (Ref. 1441).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 19 - ? cm
Max length : 56.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1441); max. published weight: 1.3 kg (Ref. 4832)
Inhabits river, lakes and swamps. Mature adults undertake spawning migration to incoming streams and breeding takes place amidst gravel and sandy beds (Ref. 40974). Spawning period is extremely protracted, from May until the beginning of August. Large specimens spawn earlier than the small ones. Diet consists of animals and plants (Ref. 1441).
Mature adults undertake spawning migration to incoming streams and breeding takes place amidst gravel and sandy beds (Ref. 40974).
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00617 - 0.01478), b=2.94 (2.82 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 437 [224, 890] mg/100g ; Iron = 7.7 [1.3, 24.1] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.9 [15.8, 18.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.299 [0.156, 0.564] g/100g ; Selenium = 174 [53, 705] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.7 [4.5, 43.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 3.57 [2.01, 5.56] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.