Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: India, Bhutan and Bangladesh (Ref. 4832), Nepal (Ref. 12045) and Myanmar (Ref. 57739).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4832)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6 - 8. Distinguished from other species by the combination of the following characters: head length 19-22% SL; caudal peduncle 3.0-4.2 times longer than deep; head width at nares 14.9-17.1% SL, 77-87% HL, maximum head width 86-105% HL; interorbital width 41-49% HL; length of caudal peduncle 16.7-21.4% SL; preanal length 72.0-78.6% SL (Ref. 37826).
Occurs in torrential hill streams. Prefers backwater and quiet eddies (Ref. 12045).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00178 (0.00069 - 0.00461), b=3.10 (2.88 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .