Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Oxudercidae
(Mudskippers) > Periophthalminae
Etymology: Periophthalmus: Greek, peri = around + Greek, ophthalmos = eye (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Eastern Indian Ocean: eastern India to Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7050)
Distinguished by the following: joint ventral fins; ventral fins situated directly behind pectoral fins; pelvis connected with shoulder girdle (Ref. 92840); pelvic fins totally united into a rounded
disk; Dl tall, its margin straight, no stripes or spots on fin, first two spines elongate in males, only first spine elongate in females, first spine in males relatively longer than first spine in females; D2 with dusky stripe mesially; dorsal fins not connected by membrane; Dl with 7-10 spines; longitudinal scale count 64-77; head width 12.6-2l.8% SL; pelvic fin length 12.4-16.8% SL; length of anal fin base 16.7-20.6% SL; length of D2 base 16.3-24.3% SL; total D2 elements 12-13; total anal fin elements 11-13; TRDB 15-19 (Ref. 5218).
An intertidal and amphibious air-breather (Ref. 31184) found in brackish mangrove and nipa palm areas (Ref. 7050). Actively shuttling back and forth between rock pools and air (Ref. 31184).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28.1 - 29.3, mean 28.9 °C (based on 740 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00480 - 0.01443), b=2.88 (2.73 - 3.03), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .