Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Apogon: Greek, a = without + Greek pogon = chin, beard (Ref. 45335). More on author: Herre.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 30 m (Ref. 5227), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru and Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11482)
Small fish, laterally compressed; first dorsal fin with 6 spines; second dorsal fin with 1 spine with 9 soft rays (VI+1,9); anal fin with 2 spines and 8 soft rays (II,8); 24-26 lateral line scales; first gill arch with 15-17 gill rakers. Body ranging from red to pink with yellow highlights on the head and flanks; a short, narrow, dark bar at the beginning of the dorsal fin and a black bar on the mouth (Ref. 55763).
Stays under ledge overhangs and other shaded, reclusive areas on rocky reefs and slopes during the day. Feeds in the open at night. Often mingles with other cardinal fish (Ref. 5227).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Grove, J.S. and R.J. Lavenberg, 1997. The fishes of the Galápagos Islands. Stanford University Press, Stanford, 863 p. (Ref. 28023)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.3 - 29.1, mean 26.2 °C (based on 235 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00582 - 0.01883), b=3.08 (2.93 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 123 [70, 271] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.16 [0.74, 1.80] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [18.1, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.185 [0.111, 0.304] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.8 [15.4, 55.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 121 [47, 309] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.56 [1.08, 2.27] mg/100g (wet weight);