Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Trimmatom: Greek, trimma, -atos = something crushed + Greek, tomos = cut (Ref. 45335); nanus: From its small size at sexual maturity; a noun in apposition (Ref. 38635). More on authors: Winterbottom & Emery.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 35 m (Ref. 90102), usually 20 - 30 m (Ref. 38635). Tropical; 8°N - 10°S
Western Indian Ocean: Chagos Archipelago and the Maldives. Western Central Pacific (Ref. 42915).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 1 - 1 cm
Max length : 1.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38635)
(total): 6 - 7;
soft rays: 8 - 9. Characterized by semi-translucent pale grey body with 10 internal red bars; red head; first dorsal spine, slightly elongate; first three pelvic fin rays branched; fifth pelvic ray unbranched, 15% length of fourth ray; longitudinal scale series 23; predorsal scales absent; cheek and opercle without scales; depth of body 5.0 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Adults inhabit mainly oceanic drop-offs between 20 to 30 m (Ref. 38635). Also found in lagoons and outer reefs in 5-35 m (Ref. 90102). One of the smallest (=shortest) vertebrate of the world, with mature females reaching only 8-10 mm SL; scaleless (Ref. 9360).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and M. Goren, 1993. A review of the gobioid fishes of the Maldives. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (58):1-37, 5 pls. (Ref. 9360)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.8 - 29, mean 28.2 °C (based on 10 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00261 - 0.01268), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm < 1; Fec = 54;).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .