Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Brackish; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 47°N - 36°N, 27°E - 54°E
Eurasia: Black Sea, Sea of Azov and Caspian Sea (4696). Restricted to brackish water habitats (Ref. 92840).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2058)
Restricted to brackish water habitats (Ref. 92840). Reported to enter fresh waters (Ref. 58342). Occur inshore, over stones and gravel. Feeds mainly on crustaceans and fish (Ref. 4696).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Miller, P.J., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4696)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00332 - 0.01511), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.66 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 50.7 [22.6, 106.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.417 [0.227, 0.777] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [15.6, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.226 [0.078, 0.643] g/100g ; Selenium = 11.1 [3.8, 27.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.77 [1.99, 45.76] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.718 [0.425, 1.296] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.