Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Ichthyapus: Greek, ichthys = fish + Greek, a = without + Greek, pous = feet. More on authors: Evermann & Marsh.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 35 m, usually 5 - 15 m (Ref. 5288). Tropical
Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA), and Bahamas to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands; also northern South America (Ref. 5217). Eastern Atlantic: St. Helena Island (Ref. 4455) and Ascension (Ref. 86997).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5288)
Burrows in sand in surf areas.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.8 - 28.1, mean 27.3 °C (based on 744 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00126 (0.00052 - 0.00302), b=2.91 (2.70 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 69.5 [40.7, 118.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.619 [0.402, 0.972] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [17.4, 22.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.131 [0.062, 0.339] g/100g ; Selenium = 46.5 [26.2, 87.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 42.3 [11.9, 134.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.2 [0.9, 1.7] mg/100g (wet weight);