Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range 2 - 160 m. Temperate; 51°N - 41°N
North America: restricted to Great Lakes (Lake Huron in Canada-USA and Lake Michigan in USA) and Lake Nipigon in Canada.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 39.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1998); max. reported age: 14 years (Ref. 12193)
soft rays: 10 - 13;
Vertebrae: 56 - 59. This species is usually characterized by darkly pigmented fins and deep body. Body elongate, distinctly laterally compressed, and deep, the greatest body depth in front of the dorsal fin. Head triangular; eye large; snout blunt, its length usually greater than eye diameter; mouth terminal, lower jaw usually projecting beyond upper, sometimes equal to upper jaw, maxillary pigmented , and extending posteriorly to below the anterior edge of the pupil. Overall coloration dark silvery, with pink or purple iridescence on sides, back dark green to black and silvery below. Maxillary and mandible whitish but heavily pigmented. All fish typically black, particularly on outer half.
Formerly found in deep waters (90-160 m) of Lakes Michigan and Huron, and in 2-100 m in Lake Nipigon. Belongs to C. artedi complex.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (20):183 p. (Ref. 3814)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00263 - 0.01096), b=3.22 (3.05 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 7.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=14).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .