Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Nemacheilidae
Etymology: Schistura: Greek, schizein = to divide + Greek, oura = tail; an allusion to forked caudal fins (Ref. 45335). More on author: Kottelat.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Mekong basin in Laos and Cambodia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12693)
soft rays: 8. Has 6 broad, dark brown, vertical bars on the sides; a large blotch on caudal-fin base; a narrow vertical stripe on the caudal fin; an incomplete lateral line ending about above the anus; 8+8 branched caudal-fin rays (Ref. 27732). Anterior nostril with a pointed tip reaching anterior margin of eye; incomplete lateral line reaching anus; 8 1/2 branched dorsal rays; 8+8 branched caudal rays (Ref. 39226). Caudal fin emarginate (Ref. 39226). Dorsal fin origin above or slightly behind pelvic-fin insertion (Ref. 12693).
Inhabits rivers with sand or gravel bottoms (Ref. 12693). Found over gravel in shallow water, with moderate current (Ref. 27732). Feeds on insect larvae (Ref. 39226).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00270 - 0.01543), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .