Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Bagridae
Etymology: Hemibagrus: Greek, hemi = the half + Mozarabic, bagre, Greek, pagros = a fish, Dentex sp. (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Asia: Mekong basin (Ref. 27732). Reported from Chao Phraya, Maeklong and Peninsular Thailand river systems (Ref. 26336).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 130 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857); common length : 50.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12693); max. published weight: 86.0 kg (Ref. )
soft rays: 12 - 14;
Vertebrae: 52 - 53. Bright red caudal fin in specimens bigger than about 15 cm SL; whitish in smaller ones (Ref. 27732). Adipose fin long (length of adipose-fin base 18.7-25.7% SL), with a gently-sloping anterior margin; dorsal spine poorly ossified and short (7.5-11.4% SL) without serrations on posterior edge; length of dorsal-fin base 16.3-18.3% SL; maxillary barbels reaching to at least middle of adipose fin base (230.1-297.0% HL) (Ref. 38441). Head flat rather than conical; a short occipital process not close to basal bone of dorsal fin; no stripes on body (Ref. 12693).
Occurs in large upland rivers. Common in areas with rocky bottoms and irregular depths (Ref. 12693). Apparently does not migrate but reproduces locally and enters the flooded forest during high water in July-October (Ref. 38441). Feeds on insects, prawns, fish (Ref. 33813) and crabs (Ref. 38441). Marketed fresh (Ref. 12693). Maximum weight reported for an individual caught in Mae Klong River, Thailand, reached 86 kg (J-F. Helias, pers.comm., 07/2002; see photo Hewyc_u0.jpg).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ng, H.H. and W.J. Rainboth, 1999. The bagrid catfish genus Hemibagrus (Teleostei: Siluriformes) in central Indochina with a new species from the Mekong River. Raffles Bull. Zool. 47(2):555-576. (Ref. 38441)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00607 - 0.01980), b=3.00 (2.84 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.60 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (76 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 19.3 [4.7, 116.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.683 [0.238, 2.165] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.3 [15.3, 19.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.238 [0.112, 0.475] g/100g ; Selenium = 44.4 [17.7, 120.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 32.6 [6.5, 160.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.928 [0.610, 1.499] mg/100g (wet weight);