Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Lampanyctinae
Etymology: Triphoturus: Greek, triphos = with three + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 25 - m (Ref. 82347), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 37°N - 34°S
Eastern Pacific: California, USA (Ref. 7182) and Gulf of California to Peru and Chile.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. )
Morphology | Morphometrics
Epipelagic to mesopelagic (Ref. 31442). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 31442). Lipid content is 14.5 % in fresh body weight and wax ester is 82.2 % in total lipids (Ref. 9197).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Moser, H.G. and E.H. Ahlstrom, 1996. Myctophidae: lanternfishes. p. 387-475. In H.G. Moser (ed.) The early stages of fishes in the California Current Region. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI) Atlas No. 33. 1505 p. (Ref. 31442)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.8 - 14.3, mean 11.5 °C (based on 84 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00303 - 0.00953), b=3.18 (3.02 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .