Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Laviniinae
Etymology: Mylopharodon: Greek, mylo = mill + Greek, pharo = to triturate + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Baird & Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical; 42°N - 36°N
North America: Sacramento-San Joaquin and Russian River drainages in California, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
(total): 8. Body long, slender; brown to dusky bronze above (darkest on large individuals; silver side; dorsal-fin origin behind pelvic-fin origin; 69-81 scales on lateral line; 8 dorsal rays; premaxillary frenum present; snout long, pointed; large, terminal mouth reaching front of eye; pharyngeal teeth 2,5-4,2 (Ref. 86798).
Inhabits deep, rock- and sand-bottomed pools of small to large rivers (Ref. 86798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00445 - 0.02830), b=3.03 (2.81 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .