Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Pogonichthyinae
Etymology: Cyprinella: Latin, cyprinus = carp (Ref. 45335); galactura: From the words galactos, meaning milk and oura, meaning tail (Ref. 10294). More on author: Cope.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 38°N - 34°N
North America: disjunct range east and west of Former Mississippi Embayment. Cumberland and Tennessee River drainages; upper Savannah and Santee drainages (Atlantic Slope); and upper New River drainage in West Virginia and Virginia; St. Francis and White River drainages in Missouri and Arkansas, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 6.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits rocky runs, less often in pools and riffles, of clear headwaters, creeks, and small rivers (Ref. 5723, 86798). Feeds on terrestrial insects and drifting aquatic larvae (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00236 - 0.01065), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .