Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Pogonichthyinae
Etymology: Rhinichthys: Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335); osculus: osculus meaning small-mouthed (Ref. 1998) More on author: Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.8 - 7.8; dH range: 5 - 25; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 9°C - 11°C (Ref. 3672); 49°N - 31°N
North America: western drainages (Pacific and endorheic) from Columbia River in British Columbia, Canada to Colorado River in Arizona and New Mexico, USA and south into Sonora, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 6.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
soft rays: 6 - 7;
Vertebrae: 37 - 38. Body elongate, greatest depth in front of dorsal fin. Head bluntly triangular, a small but distinct hump present behind the head. Mouth inferior, sucker-like, lower jaw with fleshy lip. Overall coloration gray or gray-brown with scattered and vague darker flecks, usually above midline of sides; lower sides and belly somewhat yellowish or creamy white. A faint lateral band present.
Occurs in rocky riffles, runs and pools of headwaters, creeks and small to medium rivers; rarely in lakes (Ref. 5723, 86798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00235 - 0.01070), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.36 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .