Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Syngnathus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Evermann & Kendall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; depth range 0 - 6 m (Ref. 26938), usually ? - 6 m (Ref. 26938). Tropical
Western Atlantic: northeastern Florida and northern Gulf of Mexico to the Caribbean coast of Central and South America; absent from West Indies.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 8.6, range 7 - 9.8 cm
Max length : 18.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30499); common length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 3.00 years (Ref. 12193)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Common in bays and estuaries. Usually found amongst vegetation (Ref. 26938). Enters fresh water. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
Also Ref. 53335.
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23.3 - 28.1, mean 27.2 °C (based on 814 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00028 (0.00012 - 0.00063), b=3.21 (3.03 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=3).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100).