Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Synagropidae
Etymology: Synagrops: Greek, synagris, -idos = a kind of marine fish (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Döderlein.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 50 - 1000 m (Ref. 112463), usually 100 - 800 m (Ref. 559). Deep-water; 23°N - 36°S, 19°E - 154°W
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Hawaii.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43448)
soft rays: 7;
Vertebrae: 25. Body elongate, compressed, with large cycloid scales. Body uniformly blackish-brown in young, black dorsally, paler ventrally in adults. Distinguished by its anal fin element counts, lack of fin spine with serration on the anterior edge, and 3 to 6 large canine-like teeth on lateral side of the lower jaw.
Found on the continental slope (Ref. 7300). Marketed fresh or made into fishmeal (Ref. 3288).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C., 1986. Acropomatidae. p. 561-563. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 2710)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 9.1 - 18.7, mean 12.6 °C (based on 363 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00444 - 0.01630), b=2.96 (2.79 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=4).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 24.6 [13.2, 41.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.345 [0.207, 0.569] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [17.0, 18.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.389 [0.207, 0.724] g/100g ; Selenium = 16.4 [8.0, 32.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 39.1 [11.3, 130.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.445 [0.315, 0.633] mg/100g (wet weight);