Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Embiotocidae
Etymology: Embiotoca: Greek, embios = permanent, for all the life + Greek, tokos,-oy = birth (Ref. 45335); lateralis: lateralis meaning lateral - referring to its blue stripes (Ref. 6885). More on author: Agassiz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 21 m (Ref. 2850). Subtropical; 57°N - 30°N, 138°W - 116°W
Eastern Pacific: Wrangell, southeastern Alaska to Point Cabras, northern Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 56049)
(total): 10 - 11;
soft rays: 29 - 33. Copper ground color with dark brown overlay on back; a series of about 15 blue horizontal stripes below lateral line; head with several series of blue spots and stripes; fins coppery; dark areas on anterior part of rayed dorsal, base of caudal fin, anterior part of anal, and distal halves of pelvic fins (Ref. 6885).
Adults occur in rocky coasts and kelp beds, occasionally in sandy surf near rocks (Ref. 2850). Feed on small crustaceans, worms, and mussels; occasionally on herring eggs (Ref. 4925). Viviparous, female carries the developing young (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Viviparous, female carries the developing young (Ref. 205).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9.3 - 15.4, mean 10.7 °C (based on 149 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.00842 - 0.04514), b=3.02 (2.81 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.49 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3; tmax=10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 81.5 [47.2, 159.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.08 [0.72, 1.81] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [18, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.328 [0.213, 0.508] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.9 [14.6, 50.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 10.2 [3.6, 29.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.779 [0.534, 1.110] mg/100g (wet weight);