Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
(Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Lumpenidae
Etymology: Lumpenus: Latin, lumpus, an uncouthlooking spiny-finned fish of a leaden-blue colour (Ref. 45335); sagitta: Name from sagitta meaning arrow, referring to the long slender body (Ref. 6885).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 425 m (Ref. 50550). Temperate; 64°N - 33°N, 127°E - 122°W
North Pacific: Sea of Japan and Sakhalin, Russia to St. Lawrence Island in the Bering Sea to Adak Island in the Aleutian chain and San Francisco, California, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 51.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 56557)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 66 - 72;
soft rays: 45 - 50. Caudal fin narrow with oval free end; anal fin occasionally absent; pectorals large, bluntly pointed (Ref. 6885). Pale green on dorsal surface, cream ventrally; brown or green bars along midside and streaks or spots on upper part of sides; brown bars and dots on dorsal fin form bands parallel to fin margin and, on caudal fin, produce vertical bars; other fins pale; lining of mouth pale (Ref. 6885).
Found in shallow bays and offshore waters (Ref. 2850); on sand mixed with silt, pebbles, and stones to depths of 425; usually shallower than 200 meters (Ref. 51666). Sometimes takes hooks using marine worms as bait (Ref. 6885).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.9 - 8.1, mean 4.8 °C (based on 375 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00051 - 0.00325), b=2.99 (2.77 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (64 of 100) .