Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Naucratinae
Etymology: Seriola: Latin word diminutive with the meaning of a large earthenware pot (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Temminck & Schlegel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - 100 m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 46°N - 20°N, 116°E - 153°W
Northwest Pacific: Japan and the eastern Korean Peninsula to the Hawaiian Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9988); max. published weight: 40.0 kg (Ref. 9988)
(total): 6 - 7;
soft rays: 17 - 22;
Vertebrae: 24. Scutes absent. Compared to S. lalandi, the species' dorsoposterior corner of upper jaw is angular (versus rounded) and the pectoral and pelvic fins are almost equal in length (versus pectoral shorter than pelvic fin).
Adults exhibit shoaling habit (Ref. 9988). They feed on plankton. Juveniles are found among floating seaweeds (Ref. 12114, 12115). Collection of young is the basis for prosperous aquaculture in Japan. Raised in captivity and marketed fresh for sashimi (Ref. 9988).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref. 4537)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00618 - 0.03226), b=2.94 (2.74 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.65 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 3.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.3-0.5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 53 [27, 108] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.41 [0.82, 2.39] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [16.8, 22.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.381 [0.240, 0.643] g/100g ; Selenium = 53.6 [26.7, 103.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22.6 [2.6, 126.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.478 [0.315, 0.713] mg/100g (wet weight);