Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Sparisomatinae
Etymology: Calotomus: Greek, kalos, kallos = beautiful + Greek, tomos = section, cut (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 40°N - 30°N
Northwest Pacific: southern Japan, and at least as far as Tokyo, and the adjacent Asian mainland.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 39.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
soft rays: 9 - 10;
Vertebrae: 25. Flexible to semi-pungent dorsal spines; a dark central blotch on inter spinous membrane of dorsal spines I and II. Area circumscribed by pectoral fin unspotted. Rounded caudal fins at all sizes. Reddish brown in color when fresh with white and pale gray scale markings. Reddish pelvic fins with whitish blotches. Number of upper jaw teeth initially increasing with size. Yellow iris, blotched with dark brown. Lateral line interrupted.
Apparently confined to coastal waters in rocky areas with seaweeds (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bruce, R.W. and J.E. Randall, 1985. A revision of the Indo-West Pacific parrotfish genera Calotomus and Leptoscarus (Scaridae: Sparisomatinae). Indo-Pac. Fish. (5):32 p. (Ref. 525)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17 - 22, mean 20.5 °C (based on 107 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.00810 - 0.05390), b=2.98 (2.75 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Generation time: 3.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 17.7 [6.7, 63.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.739 [0.268, 2.139] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [16.9, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.108 [0.047, 0.242] g/100g ; Selenium = 5.71 [1.74, 21.28] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 17.5 [3.7, 80.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.43 [0.59, 2.98] mg/100g (wet weight);