Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Sparisomatinae
Etymology: Calotomus: Greek, kalos, kallos = beautiful + Greek, tomos = section, cut (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 72 m (Ref. 86942), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 30°N - 30°S
Indo-West Pacific: Kenya to at least Delagoa Bay in Mozambique, and east to the Marshall and Tonga Islands. Presence in Somalia to be confirmed (Ref. 30573).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 10.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636)
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 25. General body color when fresh is greenish brown with scales finely flecked with pale; shade of white ventrally (belly sometimes dull rose or yellowish). Across the chin, 2 irregular dull reddish bars interspaced by white or yellow; upper opercular margin with a diffused dark spot. Hyaline pectorals with a yellowish flush; pelvic fins hyaline except for numerous small white spots and some reddish blotches. Flexible dorsal spines. Area circumscribed by pectoral fin unspotted. Lateral line interrupted (scales usually 19 + 7, occasionally 19 + 6).
Found in coastal bays and deep lagoons (Ref. 48636). Inhabits seagrass beds or dense beds of algae. Well-camouflaged and easily overlooked (Ref. 48636). Feeds on these or the associated epiphytes. Caught nets and other types of artisanal gear.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawning at Aldabra occurs above grassflats on falling tides; protogynous hermaphroditism with both primary & secondary males occurring in the atoll's population has also been reported (Ref. 1875).
Bruce, R.W. and J.E. Randall, 1985. A revision of the Indo-West Pacific parrotfish genera Calotomus and Leptoscarus (Scaridae: Sparisomatinae). Indo-Pac. Fish. (5):32 p. (Ref. 525)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.5 - 28.9, mean 27.6 °C (based on 838 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00731 - 0.01887), b=3.13 (2.99 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.00).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 42.5 [17.7, 142.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.715 [0.325, 1.892] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.7, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.0848 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.4 [5.6, 43.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 20.9 [6.5, 68.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.26 [0.98, 4.04] mg/100g (wet weight);